"Divan-i Khikmet" is not only the monument of the religious sufi
literature, it is one of the most ancient monuments written in the
Turkic language. Many researchers of the Turkic culture consider that it
may be referred to the Karakhanid literature tradition. The sources of
these poems are found also in the shaman songs of the Turkic nomads. The
language of the monument contains the Kypchak elements. The famous
"Divan-i Khikmet" is the common heritage of the Turkic people,
the poems were handed down by word of mouth, from generation to
generation, called upon people to honesty, justice, friendliness and
historic papers testify to the fact that "Khikmets" have been
re-written many a time, edited, revised. The manuscipts of "Divan-i
Khikmet" are kept mainly in the libraries of Tashkent, St.
Petersburg, Istanbul. In the depository of the St. Petersburg department
of the Institute for Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
there are 23 lists of "Divan-i Khikmet" that are referred to
the XVIII-XIX centuries. The Tashkent lists are kept in the collection
of manuscripts belonging to the Institute for Oriental Studies of the
Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, in the Institute of Manuscripts (56
copies). These copies are mainly referred to the XIX century.
In addition to the manuscripts in Kazan city the poems of Khodja Akhmed
Yasawi were published in the Arab graphic. The most complete edition
contains 149 "Khikmets" of 1896, 1905. Currently "Khikmets"
are survived in many lists. At different periods the scientists
investigated life and creative work of Khodja Akhmed Yasawi, devoted
articles to the genial poet and philosopher. During recent decades
"Divan- Khikmet" were re-edited several times both in our
country and abroad.
work summarizes the main provisions of the Yasawi Tarikat. Khikmets
preached Islam and contributed to further dissemination of Islam among
people. Turkic speaking nations named "Divan-i Khikmet " as
"Korani Turki" as notably they grasped Koran through "Khikmets"
of Khodja Akhmed Yasawi, so Turks began to name Khodja Akhmed as "Khazret
Sultan" - "Holy Sultan", and Turkistan as the second
Khitmets of Khodja Akhmed Yasawi both preached Islam and called upon
Turkic nations to a spiritual unity, sovereignty, stipulated for all
necessary conditions to achieve these aims.